first_imgRealme has garnered massive success in India in a span of just one year, which is not an easy thing to achieve today. In the budget and mid-range segments where companies like Xiaomi and Samsung have reigned supreme, Realme has managed to break through by offering some exceptional phones that look good and offer great hardware at disruptive prices. If last year was about getting the company’s name out there, 2019 looks to be about taking charge.Last year, Realme launched phones like the Realme 1, Realme U1 and Realme 2 Pro that offered segment-disruptive hardware. The company is following a similar formula this year as well, but the only difference is that it is not looking to wait around anymore. While phones like the Realme 3 Pro and Realme X have brought segment-first technologies, the company is now looking to bring “world’s first” technologies such as a 64MP quad camera system.The story so farThe Realme 3 Pro (Review) was launched in India earlier this year with a Snapdragon 710 chipset and VOOC fast charging support. Both these features are a first for a phone under Rs 15,000. Here, even a disrupter like Xiaomi has trailed behind. Of course, Xiaomi still continues to disrupt in its own ways, offering, for example, 48MP camera phones under Rs 15,000 i.e Redmi Note 7 Pro and Redmi 7S.Then we have the Realme X which was launched in China a couple of months ago with a notchless AMOLED display, pop-up camera and a 48MP dual camera setup. These features have been seen on a number of phones this year, but not quite at a price that starts at approximately Rs 15,000.advertisement The Realme X is yet to launch in India, but from what Realme India CEO Madhav Sheth said a few weeks ago, the Indian variant will offer a slightly different hardware. This shows that the company is well aware of the competitive state of the Indian smartphone market and that even a phone with the kind of features that the Realme X China variant offers may not necessarily do exceptionally well in India.There has been speculation that the Realme X will come to India with a Snapdragon 730 chipset, which would definitely be a first for a phone under Rs 20,000. And while we wait for the Realme X in India, which could possibly launch next month, the company is steamrolling ahead with its next major smartphone – a phone with a 64MP quad camera setup.Go big or go homeRealme is clearly not looking to wait around this year for someone else to offer a 64MP camera phone first. What’s surprising is that Realme was not considered in the running to launch a 64MP camera phone. There were rumours that Xiaomi or Samsung would be the first to launch a phone using Samsung’s 64MP GW1 sensor, but it turns out Realme is set to beat them to the punch. Sheth posted a camera sample on Twitter that was shot on this mysterious new Realme phone, claiming that it will be the world’s first phone with a 64MP Samsung GW1 sensor.Working on the new premium killer! Introducing world’s first smartphone camera with 64MP GW1 largest 1/1.72 sensor and mega 1.6µm pixel with amazing clear shots in low light too. RT if you want to see more knockout shots. #DareToLeap pic.twitter.com/D54xNFdaVmMadhav 5G (@MadhavSheth1) June 24, 2019This speaks volumes of the kind of confidence Realme has right now. Not only will this upcoming Realme phone be the world’s first 64MP camera phone, but it will also be the company’s first phone with a quad camera setup. Realme is not afraid to take risks this year, which is a philosophy that was also followed by Xiaomi when it was trying to establish its own presence in India.Apart from the cameras, we still have no idea about what to expect from this upcoming Realme phone. This Realme phone could launch as part of a brand new series in India, and it may well be the company’s most premium phone yet. A few days before the launch of the Realme X in China, Sheth told India Today Tech that the company is looking to bring “more innovations and more technologies” to its smartphones which should justify its price, whether it is under 20,000 or over it.Realme currently has the ability to surprise fans and make the competition worry, which is what any brand strives to do. The next Realme phone could be the company’s most innovative phone yet or it could fizzle out, but it’s clear that the company is looking to go big. This mysterious Realme phone isn’t expected to launch before Q4, 2019, which suggests Realme is looking to close the year with a bang, not a whimper.advertisementALSO READ | Realme 64MP camera phone teased, will launch in India and here’s what camera setup looks likelast_img read more

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Newcastle defender Fabian Schar warns: We’re not yet safeby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveNewcastle United defender Fabian Schar has warned they’re not yet safe from relegation.Schar has insisted Newcastle still have plenty of room for improvement – despite pulling six points clear of the drop zone following victory at Huddersfield.Speaking after the game Schar said: “At the moment, we have quite good results away.“We have another important week in front of us with a game at home, and it’s another big chance for us.“We are not comfortable with the results at St. James’ Park – we always want to get points there, so we have to try and show the fans what we’ve got and (how) we can play.“We can improve a lot of things.“At the same time, we always have to be focussed and play with our heart.“Even if it is a home game, we have to be able to defend like we do away.” last_img read more

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Crystal Palace chairman Parish: These kids set to follow Wan-Bissaka…by Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveCrystal Palace chairman Steve Parish is delighted with the progress of their young players.Parish expects more to follow Aaron Wan-Bissaka into manager Roy Hodgson’s first team.He told the club’s website, “…our U23s and U18s both won their respective leagues, which were brilliant achievements for our Academy. “Aaron’s progress through the ranks has been something to celebrate, but he’s not the only one to force his way into Roy’s plans. Sam Woods and Ryan Innis made their first team debuts, whilst James Daly, Nya Kirby and Giovanni McGregor have made the first team bench this year. It is an exciting time to be a young player in our Academy.” last_img read more

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Benfica president Vieira: Mourinho? Money is no problemby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBenfica president Luis Filipe Vieira has the financial backing to hire Jose Mourinho.The sacked Manchester United manager has been raised by Vieira as a replacement for the sacked Rui Vitoria.There’s been claims Mourinho’s personal demands would be too much, but Sport says the president has said “the money is no problem”, opening the debate again.Vieira insists he had not spoken to Mourinho though. Bruno Laje is working as interim coach for now and the president said that he will stay in charge until the end of next week. Mourinho is a free man after being sacked by Manchester United. last_img read more

first_imgReal Madrid will move for Spurs star Eriksen in Januaryby Paul Vegas15 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveReal Madrid will move for Christian Eriksen in January, according to reports.Eriksen wanted to leave Tottenham this past summer, but no suitable offers arrived.He will become a free agent at the end of the season, yet Real want him as soon as possible.Marca says Real will bid for the Dane during the winter transfer window as they don’t want to take any risk of losing him.Spurs would likely accept an offer as Eriksen will walk for free in the summer. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

first_imgPeace River Zone Theatre Festival Flyer. Photo by the Stage North Theatre Society Facebook Page.Friday’s show is Blackbird, which is a heavy drama about two people who had a very unconventional affair when they were young. The Stage North Theatre Society presented this show back on May 10th, which means residents who didn’t get the chance to see this two weeks ago will have a second chance to witness the drama.Saturday’s show is Mary’s Wedding, which takes place the night before Mary’s Wedding in 1920. The play journeys through Mary’s dream, her past, and the moment she meets her first love Charlie before he volunteers for World War One. Charlie’s side of the story takes place in the trenches along side his mentor and sergeant. The play is as much about history as it is about romance.Tickets for the event cost $25 to see all three shows, or $10 for individual shows.Residents can purchased tickets at the North Peace Cultural Centre. FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The Peace River Zone Theatre Festival starts today at the North Peace Cultural Centre.The festival runs until Saturday and will feature a different play each day. Shows starts at 7:30 p.m. and run until 9:30 p.m.Tonights show is “Stop Saying Nothing”, which is a collection about bullying presented by North Peace Secondary School.last_img read more

first_imgJerusalem: Israel’s prime minister is portraying an Arab lawmaker, Ahmad Tibi, as a threat to national security in a campaign that critics say questions the loyalty of the country’s Arab citizens ahead of April elections. Benjamin Netanyahu has been slumping in the polls after the announcement of his pending corruption indictment. The prime minister has been repeating a campaign mantra, using his own nickname: “Bibi or Tibi.” The slogan highlights Netanyahu’s efforts to paint his challengers as conspiring with Arab Israelis and a hostile media to oust him. Tibi says he is concerned about what he views as Netanyahu’s attempt to demonize Israel’s Arab minority. Arabs make up about 20 per cent of Israel’s 9 million residents. They hold full citizenship rights but have faced decades of discrimination.last_img read more

WESTERN CONFERENCE1. Los Angeles LakersThe defending world champions added Ron Artest into the starting lineup, and center Andrew Bynum will return soon from an Achilles injury. But the Lakers have been sluggish closing out the season, and Kobe Bryant has been banged up for most of the season. With many potentially dangerous roadblocks, it will be tough for Los Angeles to reach the NBA Finals for the third straight year. They still have the best chance to do so.2. Dallas MavericksDallas was one of the best teams in the NBA after acquiring guard Caron Butler and center Brendan Haywood from Washington. Even though the Mavs have Jason Kidd and Dirk Nowitzki as the cornerstones of their team, they ended up with the San Antonio Spurs in the first round, a team nobody wants to play in the playoffs. If they get out of the first round, Dallas has a shot at the NBA Finals.3. Phoenix SunsThis Phoenix team is very different from the one from five years ago, but it is still all about the high-tempo offense of Steve Nash and Amar’e Stoudemire, a superstar duo. But their flash has not yielded great playoff success, as the Suns have given up the most points of any playoff team. If Nash and Stoudemire stay hot, the Suns can make a lot of noise in the later rounds out West.4. Denver NuggetsCarmelo Anthony and Chauncey Billups remain one of the best duos out West, and Denver’s forwards are excellent rebounders. But they have struggled as coach George Karl has undergone treatment for throat cancer, and the Nuggets’ road record is one of the worst among playoff teams. With Karl most likely out for the first round, Denver will need to dig deep against Utah. If they do, they can get a rematch with the Lakers.5. Utah JazzA team stacked with big men, the sky is the limit for the Jazz. With the leadership and playmaking abilities of point guard Deron Williams, the Jazz have big men and 3-point shooters. What they lack is a pure shooter who can hit the mid-range jump shot on a regular basis when Williams gets in trouble and cannot dish it off to one of his big men.6. Portland Trail BlazersA young team on the rise, the Blazers have nothing to lose and everything to gain from this experience. Unfortunately, they will be without All-star and leader Brandon Roy in the first series due to a torn meniscus in his right knee that needs surgery. An injury plagued season, first losing Greg Oden and now Roy, they hope to upset the Phoenix Suns in the first round.7. San Antonio SpursExperience, experience, experience. That’s what the Spurs have, but maybe too much experience. With the great Tim Duncan, age might hinder the Spurs’ run if he cannot carry the team on his back like he did in his wonder years. This is where they hope superstar sixth man Manu Ginobili can keep up his hot streak and lead the team to another title. With the off-season acquisition of Richard Jefferson and the solid point guard play of Tony Parker, the Spurs are still a team to reckon with in the playoffs.8. Oklahoma City ThunderThough it’s the Thunder’s first playoff appearance since moving to OKC, scoring champion Kevin Durant hopes to not make it a short tenure. Even though they are young and hungry, they lack size and 3-point shooters. To top it off, they are matched up with last year’s NBA Champion Lakers in the first round. But gaining experience and seeing how far they can make it will only better the young squad for future seasons to come.-Tim Bielik and Michael WillisEASTERN CONFERENCE1. Cleveland CavaliersLeBron James. Enough said. Aside from showcasing arguably the best player in the league, the Cavs are second in 3-point percentage and third in overall field goal percentage, making them one of the most potent offenses in all of basketball. While there don’t seem to be many soft spots in Cleveland’s game, center Shaquille O’Neal has not seen action since suffering a thumb injury in late February, which could cause a weakened post presence. Finishing four games better than the defending champion Lakers, it is hard to not have Cleveland as a favorite to win the east if not the whole thing.2. Orlando Magic The Magic have one of the best big men in the game in Dwight Howard, who proved to be too much for anyone else in the east to handle last postseason, including Cleveland, and could provide Orlando with a slight edge in the east once again. Orlando has been inconsistent at times this season. Both Vince Carter and Rashard Lewis have struggled at points, which could spell disaster in crunch time. If Carter and Lewis can find their shooter’s touch and Howard maintains his dominating presence in the post, the Magic could give the Cavs a run for their money come conference finals time.3. Atlanta HawksIn his first year in Atlanta, sharp shooter Jamal Crawford has been a huge boost off the bench for the Hawks, providing what could be just the spark they need to get over the hump in the east. Mustering just one playoff series victory in the last 10 years, the Hawks lack the postseason experience that the other top tier teams will benefit from. Atlanta has come a long way in the last 3 years, but they will have to come much further, much quicker if they want to get past Orlando and Cleveland.4. Boston CelticsThe nod for most experienced team in the east would have to go to the Celtics whose starting five that won the NBA title in ’08 remains intact. Boston struggled down the stretch, posting a 3-7 record over their last ten games, and age remains a factor with the ‘Big 3′ all approaching their mid 30’s. The Celtics shined in ’08 but, despite the starting line-up remaining the same, their lack of youth is a big challenge in challenging for the Eastern Conference title. 5. Miami HeatOn a hot streak, winning 12 of its last 13 games, and guard Dwayne Wade has the ability to take over a game. Not much talent behind Wade, especially in the front court. Miami was 0-3 against Boston in the regular season. Although the Heat has the best chance at an upset in the East going against the aging Celtics, Miami’s weak front court will not be able to handle Boston’s big men. 6. Milwaukee BucksMidseason acquisition John Salmons has averaged 19.9 points per game since joining the Bucks, and point guard Brandon Jennings is a contender for Rookie of the Year. Milwaukee lost its best player, forward Andrew Bogut, to injury near the end of the season. Can others step up?With Bogut, the Bucks could have made a deep run in the playoffs. Without him, they will be lucky to win two games against Atlanta. 7. Charlotte BobcatsBobcats are very good defensively, allowing the fewest points in the NBA at 93.8 per game. Guard Stephen Jackson can score from anywhere. Charlotte has also scored the fewest points of any team at 95.3 per game. The Bobcats have no answer for Orlando’s Dwight Howard in the post, especially if Tyson Chandler’s recent injuries linger. Charlotte’s defense will keep them in games, but the team lacks the inside presence to win more than a few games against the Magic. 8. Chicago BullsDerrick Rose is an explosive point guard and averaged 17 points and 9.3 assists against Cleveland this season. The Bulls allowed more points than they scored this season. They simply don’t have the talent to give the Cavs much of a problem. Although the Bulls split the season series against Cleveland, the most recent victory came with LeBron James on the sideline. James will not be resting during the playoffs. -Travis Kozek and Matt Skrajner read more

first_imgMauricio Pochettino admits his side’s performance was not up to standard despite beating rivals Manchester United 3-0 at Old Trafford.The Argentine boss doesn’t want his side to get carried away with a result like against Man United, saying they are going to ‘crash’ if they do so.“My mood wasn’t great, I was so disappointed [after Old Trafford],” he explained, as quoted by the Guardian.“We need to improve our performance. I wasn’t happy with the first half.“We need to talk about reality, not perception, and the reality was that in the first half we could concede one, two or three goals.“The team showed character and in the second half we dominated but if we want to fight for big things, it’s about trying to improve.Cristiano Ronaldo, Nemanja Vidic, Manchester UnitedVidic: “Ronaldo is the most professional footballer I’ve seen” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Nemanja Vidic opened up on how a 21-year-old Cristiano Ronaldo’s professionalism left him stunned at Manchester United.“After three games, Watford are over the moon and if we’re not ready and we believe that because we beat Manchester United 3-0, all is fantastic, we are going to crash.“It’s easy to talk about perception.“When you’ve beaten Manchester United 3-0 in Old Trafford, a historic victory, it’s easy to say our performance was fantastic and they were not so good.“But when you watch the game again, the line was very thin. In our last three games, we’ve conceded a lot of chances and Hugo Lloris made an unbelievable save to keep us alive at Old Trafford.“We need to show we are capable over 10 months, not after three games.”last_img read more

first_imgSingapore based low-cost airliner Tiger Asia has gone for an image makeover changing its name to ‘Tigerair’ along with a brand new logo.”We have initiated a series of changes since late last year, and this brand identity should be seen as a reinforcement of our commitment towards a better and bolder Tigerair,” said Koay Peng Yen, Group CEO of Tiger Airways Holdings, on the rebranding.The new look has the airliner dropping the ‘leaping tiger’ logo for a suave ‘Tigerair’ font with a blush of orange accents to give it a contemporary feel.According to the company, the “fresh and upbeat look” embodies its “brand personality of (being) warm, passionate and genuine.”Dr Seshan Ramaswami, associate professor of marketing education at Singapore Management University, said the new look is a welcome change from the older tiger leaping logo which he felt was “a little brash” and “in-your-face”.”(The new logo) signals a change from an aggressive emphasis on price alone to slowly developing other competitive advantages,” Dr Ramaswami was quoted saying by Asia One.Samir Dixit, managing director at Brand Finance, said the new logo is “an attempt to erase the past and start afresh.”Tigerair Managing director Ho Yuen Sang also revealed the airliner’s plans for expansion of its air base in Malaysia based on increasing passenger demands.”We are looking at Ipoh, Kuala Terengganu and Kota Kinabalu as the new destinations for Tigerair. Currently, Tigerair stops in Penang and Kuala Lumpur,” said Ho at the unveiling of the new look, reported The Star Online.The airliner also aims to increase the number of passengers by about 20 per cent by March 2014 and it has leased six A320 airbuses. Tigerair had carried 4.5 million passengers in 2012.The firm had recently sold 60 percent of its holdings in its Australian subsidy to Richard Branson’s Virgin Australia.last_img read more

first_imgThe government’s regulatory body for telecommunications sector has decided to re-fix the rates of tariff on mobile phone calls.Currently, the lowest rate of on-net call (to and from same operator) is Tk 0.25, which may be raised to Tk 0.35. The off-net call (from one operator to other) tariff is Tk 0.60, which is likely to be revised downwardly to Tk 0.45.The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission also feels that the highest tariff rate for per minute call should be brought down to Tk 1.50 from the current rate of Tk 2.Such decisions were taken at a BTRC meeting recently, officials concerned informed Prothom Alo.The BTRC reommendations have already been sent to the post and telecommunications ministry for vetting. The matter will then be sent to the finance ministry since it is related to the public coffer.The BTRC thinks the government’s earnings will increase once the new tariff comes into effect.However, if the stakeholders have reservations about the sayreommendations, the authorities may reconsider the issues, say officials concerned.If approved, the lowest tariff for per minute mobile call will be raised to Tk 0.35 from Tk 0.25 while the highest ceiling brought down to Tk 1.50 from Tk 2.Experts say the new system will mean lesser tariff for calling the number of a big operator from a number of a small one. They cited an example that a call from a Teletalk number to a Grameenphone number, which costs Tk 0.60 at present, will come down to Tk 0.45 in the new system.However, small operators’ earnings will shrink from off-net calls. For example, they make a profit of Tk 0.38 per minute now, but it will come down to Tk 0.23.Acoording to BTRC, state-owned Teletalk has only 3.7 million subscribers, the lowest.Market leader Grameenphone has 59.3 million customers while Robi, who has recently acquired Airtel, has 35 million and Banglalink 31.3 million.When asked, Association of Mobile Telecom Operators of Bangladesh (AMTOB) secretary general TIM Nurul Kabir told Prothom Alo that his organisation is happy with the BTRC suggestions.”Bangladesh has the lowest tariff in the world,” he claimed, adding that a refixation of the tariffs will be welcomed by all the parties. “And the government will get a big chunk from the earnings.”However, Consumers Association of Bangladesh (CAB) president Golam Rahman said he found raising the lowest ceiling of traiff unjustified. He suggested refixing other tariffs keeping the lowest tariff unchanged.Both the government and the operators earn big money from this sector. So, he said, there is no reason the custimers will be made to pay this extra charge.The BTRC in association with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) fixed the highest and lowest tariff for per minute mobile phone calls in 2010, using the ‘cost modelling’ system.* This report, originally published in Prothom Alo print edition, has been rewritten in English by Quamrul Hassan.last_img read more

first_imgBNP senior leader Moudud Ahmed. Prothom Alo File PhotoSenior BNP leader Moudud Ahmed on Thursday termed the trial of BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia “nothing but an in camera proceeding”.Moudud, a senior lawyer and standing committee member of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), made the remark referring to the trial process of the BNP chief in the Zia Orphanage Trust graft case at Aliya Madrasa premises in Old Dhaka’s Bakshibazar area.”I don’t think Khaleda Zia is facing any public trial. The trial is being held not in presence of the general masses. This is rather an in camera proceeding,” he said alleging that even the lawyers are often being barred from entering the court.Moudud was placing his arguments following another senior lawyer and former speaker Jamiruddin Sircar’s defence arguments on Thursday.Dhaka special judge court-5 judge Md Akhtaruzzaman adjourned the hearing for the day and ordered to place the rest of the argument on 16, 17 and 18 January.The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) filed the Zia Orphanage Trust graft case with Ramna police station on 3 July 2008, during the military-controlled caretaker government.The commission accused Khaleda Zia, her son Tarique Rahman and four others allegedly for embezzling over Tk 21 million brought from abroad for using it in the welfare of the orphans.They were indicted in the case on 19 March 2014.Read More: ‘Khaleda pleads for justice’last_img read more

first_imgA mid-flight engine failure forced an Air France A380 jet with more than 500 passengers on board to turn back to the Ivory Coast capital Abidjan where it landed without further incident early Sunday.”We were flying over Niger (to Paris)… I saw a ball of flame for a few seconds and then a large bang on the left side of the aircraft,” Baudelaire Mieu, a journalist with Bloomberg News, told AFP.”The plane began to roll, everything was shaking and people started to panic. The pilot came on and said ‘We have just lost a left side engine. We are returning to Abidjan,” Mieu said.The Air France-KLM manager for West Africa Jean-Luc Mevellec confirmed the incident.”Technically, it is what is called an engine blow-out. It is a well known problem,” Mevellec told AFP.”It happens from time to time. It is a well known phenomenon, well understood and crew are well trained on simulators all year long to deal with this time of fault,” he added.Mieu said the giant four-engined aircraft, the world’s biggest passenger jet, “continued to vibrate all the way back to Abidjan. People were praying.””It was a close call. I have never been so frightened!”last_img read more

first_img Box Score (PDF) INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. – Alex McNicholas led the way with four goals as Louisville women’s lacrosse won 15-5 at Butler on Wednesday afternoon. With the victory, the Cardinals improve to 2-5 overall, while the Bulldogs fall to 2-4.Ally Hall got Louisville on the board just 45 seconds into the game and the Cardinals scored four times in the first five minutes to build an early 4-0 lead.After Butler got on the board with 21:39 to go in the half, Louisville reeled off another five straight goals to build a 9-1 lead and then went into the locker room at halftime with a 10-3 advantage. The Bulldogs pulled within eight at 13-5 with 3:56 to go, but the Cardinals got two more goals in the final two-plus minutes to secure the victory.McNicholas scored two goals in each half for her first hat trick of the season. She also led the way with three draw controls.Tessa Chad added her fourth hat trick of the year on seven shots, while Caroline Blalock and Sarah Blalock finished with two goals each.  Caroline Blalock and Shay Clevenger led the way defensively with three ground balls each.The Louisville defense limited Butler to just 14 shots, while the offense racked up 40 shots, 31 of which were on goal. Rachel Florek picked up her second win of the season in goal, finishing with four saves and a .571 save percentage.The Cardinals also finished with 15 draw controls to Butler’s five.Following the win, Louisville returns home to host Duke on Saturday at noon.Print Friendly Version Story Linkslast_img read more

first_img Explore further More information: A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing, Nature (2015) DOI: 10.1038/nature15697AbstractAlthough reconstruction of the phylogeny of living birds has progressed tremendously in the last decade, the evolutionary history of Neoaves—a clade that encompasses nearly all living bird species—remains the greatest unresolved challenge in dinosaur systematics. Here we investigate avian phylogeny with an unprecedented scale of data: >390,000 bases of genomic sequence data from each of 198 species of living birds, representing all major avian lineages, and two crocodilian outgroups. Sequence data were collected using anchored hybrid enrichment, yielding 259 nuclear loci with an average length of 1,523 bases for a total data set of over 7.8 × 107 bases. Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses yielded highly supported and nearly identical phylogenetic trees for all major avian lineages. Five major clades form successive sister groups to the rest of Neoaves: (1) a clade including nightjars, other caprimulgiforms, swifts, and hummingbirds; (2) a clade uniting cuckoos, bustards, and turacos with pigeons, mesites, and sandgrouse; (3) cranes and their relatives; (4) a comprehensive waterbird clade, including all diving, wading, and shorebirds; and (5) a comprehensive landbird clade with the enigmatic hoatzin (Opisthocomus hoazin) as the sister group to the rest. Neither of the two main, recently proposed Neoavian clades—Columbea and Passerea1—were supported as monophyletic. The results of our divergence time analyses are congruent with the palaeontological record, supporting a major radiation of crown birds in the wake of the Cretaceous–Palaeogene (K–Pg) mass extinction. Citation: Group builds most comprehensive family tree of birds to date (2015, October 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-10-group-comprehensive-family-tree-birds.html Building a family tree for modern birds has been difficult for scientists because of the dearth of fossil evidence going past 66 million years—the time before the mass extinction that wiped out the other dinosaurs. After the extinction, bird species evolved so rapidly that it has been difficult to use traditional genomic techniques to follow the paths of the evolution of new species, which in turn has made it almost impossible to create an accurate tree. To overcome such problems the researchers with this latest effort used a different type of genomic sequencing technique—it is called anchored hybrid enrichment and allows for sampling parts of the genome that evolved both slowly and more quickly in the flanking regions.In all the team collected and tested samples from 198 bird species (which included 390,000 bases of genomic sequence data) that together represented approximately 90 percent of all known birds—a group known collectively as Neoaves. In looking at the data they retrieved, the team found that virtually all birds (excluding flightless and some chickens and ducks) could be grouped into five sub-groups, i.e. major clads. They also found evidence that suggested that all modern birds likely evolved from a single ancestor, one that lived approximately 75 million years ago, or ten million years before all the other dinosaurs went extinct—birds in general are believed to have evolved from the dinosaur family, developing feathers approximately 150 million years ago.In addition, the researchers claim their results show (and agree with paleontology records) that there was a major radiation event following the mass extinction. Dinosaur family tree gives fresh insight into rapid rise of birds (Phys.org)—A team of researchers from several institutions in the U.S. has created the most comprehensive family tree of birds to date. In their paper published in the journal Nature the team describes the genomic sequencing technique they used and the structure of the tree they created. Gavin Thomas with the University of Sheffield, in the U.K. offers a News & Views piece on the work done by the team in the same issue, highlighting differences in phylogeny between this newer work and that conducted by another team last year.center_img House finchnigel. Credit: Wikimedia Commons © 2015 Phys.org Journal information: Nature This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more