WE EXPECT help whenever we are injured while playing a sport. We also expect the helpers to know what they are doing. A qualified first-aider should be present at every match and training session. There are a number of serious injuries and conditions that require prompt action, therefore, we should know what to look for and how to act if someone is seriously injured. When a sportsperson has stopped breathing, we can restart their respiratory system by forcing air into their lungs. We can do this by giving mouth-to-mouth ventilation (MMV). If their heart has stopped beating, we can try to get it beating again by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or a cardiac massage. However, we should always try to send for medical assistance. The following procedures can be applied while waiting for help to arrive. Mouth-to-mouth ventilation (MMV) MMV, referred to sometimes as the ‘Kiss of Life’, is an emergency procedure used to restore breathing by inflating the casualty’s lungs with your own breath. This usually helps the casualty to breathe on his own again and may very well save his life. 1. Have the casualty lie on his back and then open the airways by lifting the chin and tilting the head back. 2. Clear the mouth and throat of any obstruction. 3. Pinch the nostrils closed with thumb and index finger to prevent air from escaping. 4. Take a deep breath. Seal your lips firmly around the casualty’s open mouth. Breathe out smoothly and firmly until the chest rises. Take your mouth away watch the chest fall. 5. Take another deep breath and repeat. Repeat with one breath every six seconds for one minute. If breathing hasn’t returned within one minute, continue MMV, and check for pulse. If there is no pulse, start CPR. If breathing returns, place casualty in the recovery position. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)/ cardiac massage If you are certain that the person has no pulse, CPR is a way of forcing a stopped heart to beat while waiting for medical help to arrive. 1. Check for a pulse. If the heart has stopped, there will be no pulse, the skin will be pale, lips blue, and arms and legs will be limp. 2. Place the person on his back and use the fingers to find the point where the ribs meet the breastbone. Put your middle finger over this point and your index finger higher up on the breast bone. 3. Put the heel of the other hand on the breast bone just above your index finger. This is the point where pressure should be applied. 4. Place the heel of the other hand on top of this hand and interlock your fingers. 5. Lean over the person with your arms straight. Press down firmly on the breast bone to a depth of about 45cm, then rock backwards to release the pressure. Keep your hands in place. Repeat at a rate of about 100 compressions in a minute. 6. Check pulse regularly. Stop compressions as soon as pulse returns. MMV and CPR If the casualty isn’t breathing and has no pulse, the following actions must be taken. 1. Open his airway and give two breaths using MMV. 2. Give 15 chest compressions. 3. Give two breaths. 4. Give 15 chest compressions. 5. Repeat the above until help arrives, while checking breathing and pulse regularly. The recovery position Always use the recovery position for an unconscious person who is breathing. The position is slightly altered if the person has certain injuries. An individual can be rolled into the basic recovery position by doing the following. 1. Tilt the head back. This prevents the tongue from blocking throat and closing off the airways. 2. Keep the neck and back in a straight line. 3. Keep the hip and knee both bent at 90 degrees. This keeps the body safe, stable and comfortable. 4. Use the individual’s hand to support the head, which should be slightly lower than the rest of the body. This allows fluids to drain from the mouth. 5. Check pulse and breathing regularly while waiting for medical help. NB: The Red Cross and other organisations, conduct first aid courses. With a little training we may be able to provide life saving assistance in an emergency. Next Week: Health and Nutrition
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s successor had long been discussed by US authorities, way before she obtained her second term mandate from the Liberian people. It appears former Foreign Minister Augustine K. Ngafuan, whose recent resignation in the US sparked debates in Liberia, had long been tipped by leading US government officials to succeed President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in 2018, according to WikiLeaks.WikiLeaks is an international, non-profit, journalistic organization, that publishes secret information such as news leaks and classified media from anonymous sources around the world. The leaked WikiLeaks documents, which emanated from former US Ambassador to Liberia, Madam Linda Thomas Greenfield, in 2009, said that the US Diplomat, who is now the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs at the US State Department, stated: “Finance Minister Augustine Ngafuan could well be seasoned enough by 2018 for a presidential run.”In the classified report titled, “Who Will Succeed Ellen Johnson Sirleaf,” Ambassador Greenfield told her superiors in Washington that the names of several Liberians have been revealed to replace President Sirleaf, but that the former Foreign and Finance Minister would be well-groomed enough by 2018 to ascend the helm of authority. In her classified report, which was de-classified by WikiLeaks, Madam Greenfield said she and others at the US Embassy in Monrovia heard rumors that Vice President Joseph Nyumah Boakai himself was considering running to replace President Sirleaf in 2017.In her assessment of VP Boakai, Greenfield said: “Boakai, who was chosen by Sirleaf to balance her ticket geographically and ethnically, has not been a true Unity Party insider. He has done a credible job as President of the Senate; he and his wife, Mrs. Kartumu Boakai, are known for their philanthropy.” She also mentioned the name of Defense Minister Brownie J. Samukai, who, according to her, should he decide to run, and the VP decides to back off, would get the VP’s support because both of them are related and are from Lofa County.However, in her assessment report back in 2009, Greenfield singled out Mr. Ngafuan, who was then Minister of Finance, saying that though his ability to take on entrenched interests at the Ministry of Finance was an open question, “During our conversation, he showed a sharp understanding of the importance of improving internal operations and reducing opportunities for rent-seeking.“Ngafuan’s intentions to improve operations at Ministry of Finance should complement our efforts, from improving tax administration to streamlining customs and the ports. It is likely his appointment reflects the President’s realization that internal housekeeping is necessary if poverty reduction initiatives are to succeed.” Ambassador Greenfield also stated that the Bureau of Budget, which Mr. Ngafuan headed before being moved up to the Minister of Finance position, had been a Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program’s (GEMAP) “success story” and that “Ngafuan has been a strong proponent and example of greater government transparency.”It must be noted, however, that these assessments of Mr. Ngafuan and others were made back in 2009 by former US Ambassador Greenfield. It is not certain whether the US government still holds this view of Mr. Ngafuan and others named in the WikiLeaks US Embassy Monrovia cable.Mr. Ngafuan, however, is still tight lipped on whether he intends to run for the presidency come 2017 or one of the posts of representative. However, in his first radio interview since returning from the US, where he announced his resignation from the Unity Party-led government, Mr. Ngafuan stated: “The only thing that should surprise Liberians is if they don’t see me as a candidate in the election. The only thing that should surprise Liberians is if they don’t see me as a candidate vying for the highest office.” This is the closest he has come to categorically stating which post he wants to run for in 2017.Ngafuan resigned in the US while attending the United Nations General Assembly early this month. His resignation, which he announced in a press statement on October 2, has sparked heated debates in various sectors of Liberian society. Some have criticized him for resigning while on foreign soil, while others have said it should be up to the individual to resign wherever and whenever the person chooses to. During the radio interview, he stated that he didn’t resign in Liberia because he never wanted to distract the President’s attention from major activities that she was participating in at the United Nations General Assembly.According to him, had he resigned in Liberia, the President would have been responding to inquiries from every foreign friend and partner. He clarified that in his discussion with the President, “She understood the rationale and gracefully accepted my resignation.”His reason for resigning from the Ellen Johnson Sirleaf-led government is to be a participant in the 2017 Presidential and General Elections and being “a respecter of the law,” which calls for the resignation two years prior to the elections of any official of government who may want to contest in 2017. He has accordingly stepped down from office. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
The forward has not played for the Egyptian club as Sofapaka refused to hand him a release letter until the club paid a transfer fee for him, an issue that has literally dragged him off the playing contingent.Meanwhile, Matasi has been recalled for the two qualifiers after being rested for last month’s friendly against Mozambique. Yanga’s Faruk Shikalo has been dropped from the squad after his not so convincing performance as the starter in the Mozambique friendly.The squad named mostly has players who were part of the team that played in the Uganda and Mozambique friendlies, but there are a few new inclusions.AFC Leopards forward John Mark Makwatta receives his player of the month awarrd at the club’s training groundAFC Leopards striker John Mark Makwatta has been rewarded for his explosive start to the season and earns a return to the team for the first time in three years while there is a debut call up for Kariobangi Sharks defender Daniel Sakari.Midfielders Johannah Omollo and Ayub Timbe who were not part of the squad for the Mozambique friendly have also been recalled while former Tusker FC striker Boniface Muchiri who moved to the United States to join Golden State Arrows has also earned a place.Eric Johannah who was also overlooked for last month’s friendly match is also part of the preliminary squad.Full SquadGoalkeepers; Patrick Matasi (St. George SC, Ethiopia), Timothy Odhiambo (Ulinzi Stars, Kenya), Ian Otieno (Red Arrows, Zambia)Defenders; Johnstone Omurwa (Wazito, Kenya), Harun Shakava (Nkana, Zambia), Joash Onyango (Gor Mahia, Kenya), Daniel Sakari (Kariobangi Sharks, Kenya), Hillary Wandera (Tusker, Kenya), Erick Ouma (Vasalunds IF, Sweden), Joseph Okumu (IF Elfsborg, Sweden), Samuel Olwande (Kariobangi Sharks, Kenya)Midfielders; Teddy Akumu (Zesco United, Zambia), Johanna Omollo (Cercle Brugge, Belgium), Kenneth Muguna (Gor Mahia, Kenya), Ayub Timbe (Beijing Renhe, China), Victor Wanyama (Tottenham Hotspurs, England), Boniface Muchiri (Golden State Arrows, USA), Lawrence Juma (Gor Mahia, Kenya), Cliff Nyakeya (FC Masr, Egypt), Erick Johanna Omondi (IF Brommapojkarma, Sweden), Whyvone Isuza (AFC Leopards, Kenya)Forwards; Michael Olunga (Kashiwa Reysol, Japan), Jesse Were (Zesco United, Zambia), John Avire (Sofapaka, Kenya), John Mark Makwatta (AFC Leopards, Kenya).0Shares0000(Visited 32 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Harambee Stars striker John Avire during his debut against Madagascar in a friendly match at the Stade Robert Bobin in Paris on June 7, 2019. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, Nov 2 – Striker John Avire and goalkeeper Patrick Matasi have been recalled as Harambee Stars head coach Francis Kimanzi named his preliminary squad for the 2021 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Egypt and Togo this month.Avire has been missing since the team returned from the 2019 Cup of Nations as he tried to force a move to Egyptian side Tanta, but Kimanzi has handed him a life line though he is still listed as a Sofapaka player.