Europa’s salty surface goes well with fries. NASA/JPL/University of Arizona Europa, the fourth-biggest moon orbiting gas giant Jupiter, hides a salty, liquid ocean underneath its icy shell and thus, may harbor the ingredients necessary for life. A new study has found that Europa’s surface is full of sodium chloride — table salt — and concludes the hidden ocean underneath Europa’s ice may be more similar to Earth’s oceans than previously imagined. The study, published Wednesday in Science Advances by researchers at Caltech and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, show for the first time how yellow patches on Europa’s surface, first noticed by NASA proves Voyager and Galileo decades ago, actually indicate the presence of sodium chloride. More astonishing is the fact the table salt has been hidden in plain view for years. Scientists just hadn’t been looking for it. “Sodium chloride is a bit like invisible ink on Europa’s surface,” NASA’s Kevin Hand said in a press release. “Before irradiation, you can’t tell it’s there, but after irradiation, the color jumps right out at you.” To make the discovery, the team irradiated plain white table salt in a laboratory that simulated the conditions present on Europa. They found that the white salt turned a shade of yellow — the same shade of yellow spotted by NASA’s Galileo spacecraft on its imaging missions between 1995 and 2003. To confirm, they turned the Hubble Space Telescope to Europa and had it confirm the yellows on the surface were giving off a chemical signal that represented the irradiated table salt. It did.It’s a particularly important finding because of what it can tell us about the subsurface ocean chemistry. If the sodium chloride does originate from within Europa, then the moon’s ocean may resemble Earth’s much more closely. In a far-flung future, it could provide somewhere to mine as a resource or even settle. However, the authors note that they can’t yet say whether the surface table salt definitely represents the compositon of the subsurface ocean.Still, it opens the door for further investigation of Europa and suggests it may even be more geologically active than scientists once thought. If you want to sneak a look at Jupiter and its moons, there’s no better time. Jupiter is so close to the Earth right now that you only need a pair of binoculars. Europa is particularly bright so you shouldn’t have trouble spotting it. Take some popcorn and make a night of it. 3 Share your voice Comments Tags Space geeks tweak NASA images of Jupiter’s red spot 20 Photos Sci-Tech
Indian stock markets ended in the red Tuesday dragged by a fall in Asian equities on account of Japan’s central bank keeping prevailing negative interest rates unchanged after its meeting the same day. The S&P BSE Sensex slumped more than a percent to close at 24,551, down 253 points, while the 50-scrip NSE Nifty settled at 7,461, a loss of 78 points, or 1.04 percent. The biggest loser on the Sensex was Lupin which fell sharply in trade in response to the company informing the stock exchanges that the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has made nine observations after inspecting its Goa facility. The stock closed at Rs 1,726, down 7.59 percent from its previous close. Other stocks that pulled the Sensex down included HDFC, Dr Reddy’s Labs, Cipla, Sun Pharma and ITC. Gainers on the Sensex included State Bank of India, Tata Steel, Bharti Airtel and Axis Bank. The US Federal Reserve’s two-day meeting that begins Tuesday (March 15) would be a significant trigger for Indian stock markets on Wednesday. The Fed is expected to keep short-term interest rates on hold in view of global uncertainties, after having raised the benchmark rates from almost zero to 0.25-0.50 percent in December last year.The markets shrugged off retail inflation data released late Monday after market hours. Retail inflation was down to 5.18 percent in February from a 17-month high in the previous month.The easing of retail inflation is being seen as providing enough space for the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to cut the repo rate.”For the time being, a disciplined fiscal stance, larger than expected decline in IIP and a drop in CPI inflation have converged, and we continue to expect that the RBI will cut the policy repo rate by 25bp to 6.5% at its upcoming policy meeting (5 April),” HSBC Global Research said in a note.
Vijay’s Bigil second look poster.PR HandoutThe second look poster from Vijay’s Bigil, which was earlier referred to as Thalapathy 63, is unveiled at 12 am on Saturday, 22 June, to coincide with the birthday celebration of the actor. It comes six hours after the first look was unveiled online at 6 pm on Friday.The first look had shown Vijay in two get-ups. He donned a shirt and dhoti for an aged role, while he is seen in a red color jersey with a football for the other character. The backdrop of a slum market and a machete in the poster give an indication of him playing the role of a gangster.The second look is a multi-dimensional poster of Vijay. The poster announces the name of the actor’s character as Michael. There are four avatars of the actor in the promotional material – a dhoti-clad look, a suit-donned look and two avatars in football jersey.Presumably, the story is set in North Chennai. There have been lots of movies made based on the underworld activities in North Chennai, which is considered as the underbelly of the capital city of Tamil Nadu.Going by the earlier reports, the story is about a football coach trying to win a cup for Tamil Nadu team in a national level competition. However, the first look gives an impression of something else and Atlee has something different into the store. The second look poster announces the name of Vijay’s character in Bigil.PR HandoutLike in Mersal, there might be an interesting flashback and revenge angle into the story. However, one should wait till the release of the teaser of the film, which is expected to be out in September, to get a rough idea about the content.The film has Nayanthara in the female lead and Jackie Shroff in the negative role. Yogi Babu, Anandraj and a host of actors in the supporting roles.
An employee is seen behind an Infosys logo at the company’s campus in the southern Indian city of Bangalore September 23, 2014.ReutersInfosys, a Sensex heavyweight, seems to be headed for tough times on the stock markets after declaring Q4 results and giving a revenue guidance in the range of 6.5-8.5 percent in constant currency terms for 2017-18. Brokerages are not so gung-ho about the company’s prospects, with one of them downgrading the stock sharply from its current levels.On Monday, Infosys shares were trading at Rs 926 apiece on the BSE at around 2.42 pm, close to its 52-week low of Rs 900 and far away from its April 18, 2016 closing price of Rs 1,238.For the full-year 2016-17, revenues rose 8.3 percent in constant currency terms to $10,208 million while net profit came in at $2,140 million. In rupee terms, FY2017 revenues grew 9.7 percent YoY to Rs 68,484 crore and net profit is up 6.4 percent to Rs 14,353 crore. The final dividend is Rs 14.75 per equity share.Brokerage Nirmal Bang Institutional Equities (NBIE) downgraded Infosys share price to Rs 887, translating into a loss of 4.3 percent from the Rs 927 for the share as at 2.11 pm on the BSE on Monday.”While Infosys gave a lower-than-street-expectation guidance of 6.5 percent-8.5 percent constant currency (CC) revenue growth (6.1 percent-8.1 percent in USD terms) and 23 percent-25 percent EBIT margin, we believe there is downside risk to both. Prior to 4QFY17, our FY18 estimates were 5.2 percent USD revenue growth and 22.8 percent EBIT margin,” NBIE said in its note on Monday.The brokerage cited two reasons for its pessimistic view of the company’s performance in FY2018. “Not only has total large deal TCV (total contract value) has been 10 percent lower in FY17 versus FY16, the quarterly average is only ~$800mn where as a desirable number for Infosys’ size should be >$1bn and ~$1.5bn for industry leading growth,” it said.Further, the BFSI vertical, which contributes about 33 percent of the total revenues, is expected to grow only in the second half of the fiscal, presuming deregulation in the financial services sector in the US.Motilal Oswal Securities Ltd. (MOSL) has a target price of Rs 1,200 for Infosys. In its analysis of the company’s financial performance, the brokerage said the deals won last fiscal were not so encouraging. “While the guidance implies a gradual pick-up in momentum, lower deal wins in FY17 (USD3.4b; – 10 percent YoY) and multiple pockets of issues restrict confidence around immediate broad-based recovery, which would be a necessary trigger for valuations,” MOSL said.A similar share projection has been made by IDBI Capital Markets & Securities in its note on Monday, hovering less-than-expected Q4 top-line and weak guidance for the current fiscal. “We factor Q4 miss and cut FY18 revenue (US$)/EPS by 1.4/4.3 percent. We introduce FY19 financials and now value Infosys at 15x FY19E with a new TP of Rs 1,100 (vs. Rs 1,215 earlier),” the brokerage said.
In this photo taken on January 10, 2017, start-up companies work out of Nasscom’s Startup Warehouse facility, which incubates start-up tech companies, in Bangalore.MANJUNATH KIRAN/AFP/Getty ImagesThe Indian startup and e-commerce segment is witnessing a huge demand in the senior talent hiring. Two of the largest growing sectors in the country are on a hiring spree when it comes to leadership positions. The sudden rise in the headhunting has been driven by multiple factors such as an improved funding scenario, increased M&A activity, increased mobile data consumption and the creative e-commerce and transaction models.The Economic Times reported that as against last year, companies like Amazon, Flipkart, Swiggy, Paytm, OYO, Ola or Zomato has witnessed a 40-100% jump in such mandates. The start-ups, especially in the e-commerce sector, have managed to raise capital through series A and series B funding which has given them a leeway to hire talents.Anuj Roy, managing partner, FIDIUS Advisory said that “Online sector hiring has picked up big time.” He went on to add that his agency is presently managing 13-14 mandates for senior talent, compared to seven-eight last in 2017.Similarly, Bengaluru headquartered Longhouse Consulting is reported to have doubled their mandate. A quarter ago the company was managing 30 mandates as compared to 75 at the moment. The major part of mandate belongs to the e-commerce segment. The last 6-7 has reported a hike in the hiring with industry estimates suggesting around 350-400-plus senior hires across the e-commerce and startup ecosystem.Notably, last week there were major hiring in these sectors with OYO Hotels appointing ex-IndiGo president Aditya Ghosh as CEO for India and South-Asia; Flipkart getting Smriti Singh as human resources head; MakeMyTrip hiring Vipul Prakash as the chief operating officer (COO). Moreover, Rahul Bhargava was hired as chief technology officer (CTO), InCred and Freshworks made two senior-level appointments.Roy said that “A lot of such companies are now building their teams because once you raise that much capital, you move from a startup culture to a professional-led one.” Seed funded companies, as well as unicorns, are aggressively looking out top talents.Speaking about its hiring plans for the coming months, Girish Menon, VP, HR at Swiggy said that “In the coming months, we will be doubling down on hiring the sharpest minds in the industry for senior roles in departments such as business, sales and technology, and for highly specialized roles in areas such data sciences and AI.”
Donald Trump. File PhotoUS president Donald Trump will sign an order recognising Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights when he meets prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Washington on Monday, Israel’s foreign minister said.”President Trump will sign tomorrow in the presence of PM Netanyahu an order recognising Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights,” Foreign Minister Israel Katz wrote on Twitter on Sunday.Again breaking with longstanding international consensus, Trump said on Thursday that the United States should acknowledge Israeli sovereignty over the strategic plateau it seized from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War.He however left unanswered if or when he would follow through with an order to do so.Netanyahu has long pushed for such recognition, and many analysts saw Trump’s statement, which came in a tweet, as a campaign gift ahead of Israel’s April 9 polls.The prime minister is locked in tough election campaign with a centrist political alliance headed by former military chief Benny Gantz and ex-finance minister Yair Lapid.Syria and other states in the region condemned Trump’s pledge, saying it violates international law. France said the same.Israel annexed the Golan in 1981 in a move never recognised by the international community.The decision is the latest major move in favour of Israel by Trump, who in 2017 recognised the disputed city of Jerusalem as the country’s capital.
Related On Twitter’s Q2 earnings call, execs spent a good portion of the time on product improvements designed to make the social network easier to use and more useful — an area critics have called out as a problem for Twitter in the past. That has included work on machine-learning models to provide more relevant content in users’ Home timelines and notifications based on what they’re engaging with “in near real-time,” the company claimed.Twitter in the second quarter also started experimenting with new ways for people to customize their Home timeline, making it easier to use lists they’ve created or subscribed to. In addition, Twitter has made it easier to follow and join conversations, including showing the original tweet on an author’s profile page when someone is trying to follow a conversation. The company reported revenue of $841 million, an increase of 18% year-over-year. Net income was $1.1 billion, which included a significant one-time income-tax benefit. Adjusted net income was $37 million (or 5 cents per share). Twitter beat Wall Street’s revenue forecast but came in under consensus estimates of EPS of 19 cents.“Health remains our top priority and we are proud of the work we did in Q2. Our focus was on ensuring that our rules, and how we enforce them, are easy to understand,” Dorsey said in announcing the results. He said the company saw an 18% drop in reports of spammy or suspicious behavior across all tweet detail pages in the quarter.Twitter’s Q2 costs and expenses totaled $766 million, an increase of 21% year-over-year, resulting in operating income of $76 million and 9% operating margin. The company boosted headcount 20% in the quarter, standing at around 4,300 employees as of the end of June. CFO Ned Segal said Twitter anticipates 20% headcount growth for full-year 2019.Twitter issued third-quarter revenue guidance of $815 million to $875 million (in line with analyst expectations) but noted that sales for the second half of 2019 will decelerate year-over-year in part by the phase-out of certain resource-intensive ad formats. That should benefit Twitter over the long term, as it “refocuses its efforts on more efficient products,” Cowen & Co. analyst John Blackledge wrote in a research note.Video remains a key strategic push for Twitter. This week, Twitter announced a pact with NBC to distribute an exclusive live show from the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo, along with other content. In Q2, the company announced several new live and on-demand video content partnerships. In addition to expanded renewals with partners such as Viacom, Live Nation, the NFL, ESPN, Bleacher Report, MLS and Activision Blizzard, Twitter announced new partnerships with news media partners including the Wall Street Journal and Time, along with a new partnership with Univision designed to bring even more premium content across sports, news, and entertainment to U.S. Hispanic audiences. Twitter’s changes to make the social net easier to use — and efforts to clean up the platform by curbing spam, harassment and other malicious activity — appear to working as CEO Jack Dorsey expected: Twitter grew its daily user base in Q2 at its fastest rate in nearly two years, boosted the top line and posted its seventh straight profitable quarter.In the second quarter of 2019, Twitter’s average monetizable daily active user base was 139 million, up 5 million sequentially and up 14% compared with 122 million in the same period a year ago. In the U.S., the average mDAU was 29 million, compared with 26 million in the same period of the previous year and compared with 28 million in the previous quarter.Shares of Twitter were up more than 5% in premarket trading Friday — and jumped as much as 11% in regular trading, closing up 8.9% for the day to $41.52 per share (a 52-week high). Twitter’s robust results come after both Facebook and Snap also reported strong gains in the second quarter. Sacha Baron Cohen Says Trump Wouldn’t Be President Without Twitter Hackers Take Over Account of Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey, Tweet Racial Slurs & Bomb Threat Popular on Variety ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15